My angel has white spots?

Maryjaeee

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Looked at my tank tonight and noticed these weird white spots on my angel. Any ideas ?
 

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Colin_T

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It's the start of Hole in the Head disease or Head and Lateral Line disease (same thing). It occurs mostly in cichlids that are kept in dirty tanks or tanks that don't get enough water changes. This allows Hexamita to build up in numbers and infect the fish.

In early stages you can usually stop it by cleaning up tank conditions and adding salt. In advanced cases you need Metronidazole. This is an early stage and should respond to clean water, clean gravel, clean filter and salt.

--------------------
DO THE FOLLOWING
Wipe the inside of the glass down with a clean fish sponge.

Do a 75% water change and gravel clean the substrate every day for 2 weeks. The water changes and gravel cleaning will reduce the number of disease organisms in the water and provide a cleaner environment for the fish to recover in.
Make sure any new water is free of chlorine/ chloramine before it is added to the tank.

Clean the filter if it hasn't been done in the last 2 weeks. However, if the filter is less than 6 weeks old, do not clean it. Wash the filter materials/ media in a bucket of tank water and re-use them. Tip the bucket of dirty water on the garden/ lawn. Cleaning the filter means less gunk and cleaner water with fewer pathogens.

Increase surface turbulence/ aeration when using salt or medications because they reduce the dissolved oxygen in the water.

Add some salt, (see directions below).

If there's no improvement after 2 weeks of daily water changes, gravel cleaning and salt, you will need Metronidazole.

--------------------
SALT
You can add rock salt (often sold as aquarium salt), sea salt or swimming pool salt to the aquarium at the dose rate of 2 heaped tablespoon per 20 litres of water.

Keep the salt level like this for at least 2 weeks but no longer than 4 weeks otherwise kidney damage can occur. Kidney damage is more likely to occur in fish from soft water (tetras, Corydoras, angelfish, Bettas & gouramis, loaches) that are exposed to high levels of salt for an extended period of time, and is not an issue with livebearers, rainbowfish or other salt tolerant species.

The salt will not affect the beneficial filter bacteria, fish, plants, shrimp or snails.

After you use salt and the fish have recovered, you do a 10% water change each day for a week using only fresh water that has been dechlorinated. Then do a 20% water change each day for a week. Then you can do bigger water changes after that. This dilutes the salt out of the tank slowly so it doesn't harm the fish.

When you do water changes while using salt, you need to treat the new water with salt before adding it to the tank. This will keep the salt level stable in the tank and minimise stress on the fish.
 
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Maryjaeee

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Arizona
It's the start of Hole in the Head disease or Head and Lateral Line disease (same thing). It occurs mostly in cichlids that are kept in dirty tanks or tanks that don't get enough water changes. This allows Hexamita to build up in numbers and infect the fish.

In early stages you can usually stop it by cleaning up tank conditions and adding salt. In advanced cases you need Metronidazole. This is an early stage and should respond to clean water, clean gravel, clean filter and salt.

--------------------
DO THE FOLLOWING
Wipe the inside of the glass down with a clean fish sponge.

Do a 75% water change and gravel clean the substrate every day for 2 weeks. The water changes and gravel cleaning will reduce the number of disease organisms in the water and provide a cleaner environment for the fish to recover in.
Make sure any new water is free of chlorine/ chloramine before it is added to the tank.

Clean the filter if it hasn't been done in the last 2 weeks. However, if the filter is less than 6 weeks old, do not clean it. Wash the filter materials/ media in a bucket of tank water and re-use them. Tip the bucket of dirty water on the garden/ lawn. Cleaning the filter means less gunk and cleaner water with fewer pathogens.

Increase surface turbulence/ aeration when using salt or medications because they reduce the dissolved oxygen in the water.

Add some salt, (see directions below).

If there's no improvement after 2 weeks of daily water changes, gravel cleaning and salt, you will need Metronidazole.

--------------------
SALT
You can add rock salt (often sold as aquarium salt), sea salt or swimming pool salt to the aquarium at the dose rate of 2 heaped tablespoon per 20 litres of water.

Keep the salt level like this for at least 2 weeks but no longer than 4 weeks otherwise kidney damage can occur. Kidney damage is more likely to occur in fish from soft water (tetras, Corydoras, angelfish, Bettas & gouramis, loaches) that are exposed to high levels of salt for an extended period of time, and is not an issue with livebearers, rainbowfish or other salt tolerant species.

The salt will not affect the beneficial filter bacteria, fish, plants, shrimp or snails.

After you use salt and the fish have recovered, you do a 10% water change each day for a week using only fresh water that has been dechlorinated. Then do a 20% water change each day for a week. Then you can do bigger water changes after that. This dilutes the salt out of the tank slowly so it doesn't harm the fish.

When you do water changes while using salt, you need to treat the new water with salt before adding it to the tank. This will keep the salt level stable in the tank and minimise stress on the fish.
Ok will do, thank you so much
 
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Maryjaeee

New Member
Joined
Oct 10, 2020
Messages
22
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Location
Arizona
It's the start of Hole in the Head disease or Head and Lateral Line disease (same thing). It occurs mostly in cichlids that are kept in dirty tanks or tanks that don't get enough water changes. This allows Hexamita to build up in numbers and infect the fish.

In early stages you can usually stop it by cleaning up tank conditions and adding salt. In advanced cases you need Metronidazole. This is an early stage and should respond to clean water, clean gravel, clean filter and salt.

--------------------
DO THE FOLLOWING
Wipe the inside of the glass down with a clean fish sponge.

Do a 75% water change and gravel clean the substrate every day for 2 weeks. The water changes and gravel cleaning will reduce the number of disease organisms in the water and provide a cleaner environment for the fish to recover in.
Make sure any new water is free of chlorine/ chloramine before it is added to the tank.

Clean the filter if it hasn't been done in the last 2 weeks. However, if the filter is less than 6 weeks old, do not clean it. Wash the filter materials/ media in a bucket of tank water and re-use them. Tip the bucket of dirty water on the garden/ lawn. Cleaning the filter means less gunk and cleaner water with fewer pathogens.

Increase surface turbulence/ aeration when using salt or medications because they reduce the dissolved oxygen in the water.

Add some salt, (see directions below).

If there's no improvement after 2 weeks of daily water changes, gravel cleaning and salt, you will need Metronidazole.

--------------------
SALT
You can add rock salt (often sold as aquarium salt), sea salt or swimming pool salt to the aquarium at the dose rate of 2 heaped tablespoon per 20 litres of water.

Keep the salt level like this for at least 2 weeks but no longer than 4 weeks otherwise kidney damage can occur. Kidney damage is more likely to occur in fish from soft water (tetras, Corydoras, angelfish, Bettas & gouramis, loaches) that are exposed to high levels of salt for an extended period of time, and is not an issue with livebearers, rainbowfish or other salt tolerant species.

The salt will not affect the beneficial filter bacteria, fish, plants, shrimp or snails.

After you use salt and the fish have recovered, you do a 10% water change each day for a week using only fresh water that has been dechlorinated. Then do a 20% water change each day for a week. Then you can do bigger water changes after that. This dilutes the salt out of the tank slowly so it doesn't harm the fish.

When you do water changes while using salt, you need to treat the new water with salt before adding it to the tank. This will keep the salt level stable in the tank and minimise stress on the fish.
Those salt levels won’t hurt my other fish? I have tetras and gouramis
 
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Maryjaeee

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So I removed the carbon, cleaned the filter , replaced pads in filter and did a large water change . A few days later I did another water change and so forth. I wanted to try that first without the salt because of my plants, wasn’t sure if it would harm them. But he’s lookin a better , no other fish in the tank has the same signs. It still looks like there’s some soars on his scales tho. Is this getting better or worse ? Thank you so much for you help
 

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Colin_T

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the fish looks a bit better but still has the problem.

you need to do the big water changes and gravel cleans every day for at least one week to get rid of as many parasites from the water as possible.
 
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Maryjaeee

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the fish looks a bit better but still has the problem.

you need to do the big water changes and gravel cleans every day for at least one week to get rid of as many parasites from the water as possible.

would a bacteria remedy help at all? If I do add the salt, would that hurt my plants? I have a gourami that’s been acting weird too. Could that b related?
 

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