Article: The Carassius auratus fish species: when, why, shape, color and future.

Eziofezio

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This is an article I wrote on goldfish please give feedback:
titleGoldfish-article-00.gif

This article gives a brief history of the Carassius auratus fish species that today is popularly known as Goldfish;
the beginning, why it’s so popular,the various shapes and colors and finally the future.

Beginnings:

The legend is that thousands of years ago there was a great drought Shanxi Province, China, so great that people began to starve and die. King Pingwang told his people to pray together with him for the Goddess of heaven for help, this worked, she gave life again to the springs of the towns and cities thus saving the people, some of these people noticed a rocky basin that had filled up with water and Goldfish, so the Chinese believe the Goddess gave us the Goldfish, as a symbol of fertility.

Goldfish at the very beginning were simply called red-scaled fish that with time changed to word Goldfish due to the gold reflections created by the red scales in the sun.

About 2 thousand years ago in the Yangtze River basin of China Crucian Carp were collected to be bred for food and bait, they are silver in color but while breeding or occasionally as nature works some are born with a gold or red color; these different colored ones were noticed, collected and put aside to begin the history of Goldfish. There exists an ancient important document from the three kings Kingdoms period 265-420, the document illustrates that people had already discovered Goldfish in that period.

green_jade_goldfish.jpg

Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty (618 to 907) had a very important role in popularizing Goldfish. Towards the end of the Western
Han Dynasty Buddhism started to expand due to its positive philosophy that teaches to do good and to purify oneself, not kill and
followers are invited to release animals into the wild. So Buddhist temples started to build freeing pools where people could release
red Goldfish. Due to this healthy and safe environment the fish improved in quality. This tendency of building large ponds was
brought forward in the Tang Dynasty.

King Gaozong Zhao Gou of the Southern Song Dynasty 960 y 1279; is accredited as being the first King to have Goldfish and a key
player in the domestication of Goldfish. The king had a keen interest in birds and Silver Crucian Carp. When he moved the capital to
Lin’an he ordered the "Deshou Palace" to be built, including a large pond for golden Crucian Carp to be collected and released into
the pond, with time he ordered other ponds to be built in order to collect the other types he had found around China. The king
took it so seriously that there were even official positions for Goldfish keeping!

kingyo_hachi.jpg

Ming Dynasty 1368 y 1644. This period had a profound impact on breeding and presentation.
Breeding had become more economical so many more people could afford them, breeding
and keeping them became also easier by using newly found containers like pots and tanks
that could be kept indoors. Smaller containers like pots force Goldfish to swim slow, body
changes started to appear like larger tails, this is the period the four-leaf tailed appeared
together with the dragon-eyed Goldfish.

Japan

It is thought that the Goldfish was introduced to Japan in 1502, at that time the hobby was
exclusively for rich and powerful but like with everything novel and new comes common right
after , it trickled down to the Samurai and Clansmen as the aggressive side of Japan calmed
down thus bringing free time for the hobby, also a hobby called kingyo-sukui (goldfish scooping)
became popular in towns in the Edo period (1603 – 1868) and thus spreading goldfish
even more. It’s territory was also apt for rearing as japan was full of pools and high quality water,
one of the key ingredients towards quality fish like color. Goldfish spiecies from Japan are
thought to be around 30 and include: Ranchu, Oranda Shishigashira (Japanese orchid lion head),
Jikin, Tosakin, calico, Shubunkin and others.

Thailand

It is thought that they entered this asian country through royalty in the Ayutthaya period around
1370-1489. Lionchu variety, Lion head goldfish Siam (Siamese lionhead) The Lionchu or
lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy Goldfish that has resulted from crossbreeding lionheads
and ranchus. The Lionchu or lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy Goldfish that has resulted
from crossbreeding lionheads and ranchus.

Europe and Americas

1911 is the year Europe received the Goldfish in the 17th centaury, specifically Portugal and in
America in the 19th Centuary.

the-goldfish-seller-by-leslie-george-dunlop-1835e280931921.jpg

Why goldfish are so popular

Humanity, together with nature create living art, the Goldfish is a beautiful example of this kind
of teamwork. Two thousand years of passion, generations and special dedication that have
contributed towards forming the most famous fish of them all into true pieces of art. We can
find about 200 species of Goldfish in pet shops around the world. Goldfish are some of the few
fish that you can keep both indoors or outdoors so they cater for people that only want outdoor
fish so more demand. They are also popular as they are small in size, colorful and are hardy fish
that contribute to their desirability.

Shape and color

If we compare Goldfish to the rest of fish we keep as pets, we find more varieties and shapes.
This is because they are the first pet fish and so there has been more time for artificial breeding
and hybridization.

In the beginning the fish were kept in ponds or pools, in occasions taken out and put into vases
or ceramic bowls for guests to view. With time purposely made large ceramic painted tubs
became fashionable between the rich. One would have to look from above to be able to see the
Goldfish, so improving the fish started from this view (top view), Glass bowls were extremely
expensive so avoided.

250px-Goldfish_Lionchu_first_orize_winner.jpg

Many fancy varieties look “fat” or plump, this is an ancient introduced trait some varieties have. Fish usually don’t have an abundant amount of food in nature so they tend to be slim, like the most ancient variety of goldfish also called the common goldfish, but humans have a tendency to spoil their pets, goldfish were feed too much and developed these fatty parts like on the head that many found attractive and a compliment to their aesthetics so this trait was conserved. Also keep in mind that goldfish are a cold water fish and like salmon have a natural tendency to accumulate some fat since fat offers good protection against the cold.

Through extensive breeding techniques like water quality and generations of families breeding Goldfish we can now find many colors in goldfish like orange, red, gold, black and even blue. The fancy goldfish one can purchase today are really as the Chinese say: fairies of water, while they slowly swim around their beautiful fins dance through the water resembling flags in the wind. They have truly become amazing fish to observe.

To obtain these superb fish high quality water is needed, as the Chinese saying goes: “Raise the water before you raise the Goldfish” so water quality is priority. Those who are lucky to have access to the Yangtze river in China are still using its water as it has the right minerals and ph for high quality Goldfish.

The future

Due to improvements in chemicals, tools, filters, Genetic Modifying using AI where people will be able to order the shape and colors they want, including words, and to globalization where there are potentially more people dedicated, we will find more varieties in the future including more colors, there will be deeper colors and metalic colors including bronze that will be introduced. We will also find the fish with larger fins and elongated bodies. The sea is the limit!

Thanks for reading this far!

Copyright Ezio Kroll October 2021



Citacions:

References: https://www.city.yamatokoriyama.nara.jp/overseas/english/kankou/kingyo/001461.html

http://biobubblepets.com/blog/why-are-goldfish-orange

https://wow-j.com/en/Allguides/other/tips_manners/01647_en/#:~:text=Goldfish Wonderland 2019-,History in Japan,of aristocrats and the wealthy.&text=From then on until today,familiar fish for Japanese people.

http://www.bristol-aquarists.org.uk/


https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1600002608968708949&wfr=spider&for=pc

 
Last edited:

Sgooosh

Fish Connoisseur
Fish of the Month!
Joined
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This is an article I wrote on goldfish please give feedback:
View attachment 152869
This article gives a brief history of the Carassius auratus fish species that today is popularly known as goldfish;
the beginning, why it’s so popular,the various shapes and colors and finally the future.

Beginnings:

The legend is that thousands of years ago there was a great drought Shanxi Province, China, so great that people began to starve and die. King Pingwang told his people to pray together with him for the Goddess of heaven for help, this worked, she gave life again to the springs of the towns and cities thus saving the people, some of these people noticed a rocky basin that had filled up with water and Goldfish, so the Chinese believe the Goddess gave us the Goldfish, as a symbol of fertility.

Goldfish at the very beginning were simply called red-scaled fish that with time changed to word goldfish due to the gold reflections created by the red scales in the sun.

About 2 thousand years ago in the Yangtze River basin of China Crucian Carp were collected to be bred for food and bait, they are silver in color but while breeding or occasionally as nature works some are born with a gold or red color; these different colored ones were noticed, collected and put aside to begin the history of Goldfish. There exists an ancient important document from the three kings Kingdoms period 265-420, the document illustrates that people had already discovered goldfish in that period.

View attachment 152870
Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty (618 to 907) had a very important role in popularizing Goldfish. Towards the end of the Western
Han Dynasty Buddhism started to expand due to its positive philosophy that teaches to do good and to purify oneself, not kill and
followers are invited to release animals into the wild. So Buddhist temples started to build freeing pools where people could release
red goldfish. Due to this healthy and safe environment the fish improved in quality. This tendency of building large ponds was
brought forward in the Tang Dynasty.

King Gaozong Zhao Gou of the Southern Song Dynasty 960 y 1279; is accredited as being the first King to have goldfish and a key
player in the domestication of goldfish. The king had a keen interest in birds and Silver Crucian Carp. When he moved the capital to
Lin’an he ordered the "Deshou Palace" to be built, including a large pond for golden Crucian Carp to be collected and released into
the pond, with time he ordered other ponds to be built in order to collect the other types he had found around China. The king
took it so seriously that there were even official positions for goldfish keeping!

View attachment 152871
Ming Dynasty 1368 y 1644. This period had a profound impact on breeding and presentation.
Breeding had become more economical so many more people could afford them, breeding
and keeping them became also easier by using newly found containers like pots and tanks
that could be kept indoors. Smaller containers like pots force Goldfish to swim slow, body
changes started to appear like larger tails, this is the period the four-leaf tailed appeared
together with the dragon-eyed Goldfish.

Japan

It is thought that the goldfish was introduced to Japan in 1502, at that time the hobby was
exclusively for rich and powerful but like with everything novel and new comes common right
after , it trickled down to the Samurai and Clansmen as the aggressive side of Japan calmed
down thus bringing free time for the hobby, also a hobby called kingyo-sukui (goldfish scooping)
became popular in towns in the Edo period (1603 – 1868) and thus spreading goldfish
even more. It’s territory was also apt for rearing as japan was full of pools and high quality water,
one of the key ingredients towards quality fish like color. Goldfish spiecies from Japan are
thought to be around 30 and include: Ranchu, Oranda Shishigashira (Japanese orchid lion head),
Jikin, Tosakin, calico, Shubunkin and others.

Thailand

It is thought that they entered this asian country through royalty in the Ayutthaya period around
1370-1489. Lionchu variety, Lion head goldfish Siam (Siamese lionhead) The Lionchu or
lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy goldfish that has resulted from crossbreeding lionheads
and ranchus. The Lionchu or lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy goldfish that has resulted
from crossbreeding lionheads and ranchus.

Europe and Americas

1911 is the year Europe received the goldfish in the 17th centaury, specifically Portugal and in
America in the 19th Centuary.

View attachment 152872
Why goldfish are so popular

Humanity, together with nature create living art, the goldfish is a beautiful example of this kind
of teamwork. Two thousand years of passion, generations and special dedication that have
contributed towards forming the most famous fish of them all into true pieces of art. We can
find about 200 species of goldfish in pet shops around the world. Goldfish are some of the few
fish that you can keep both indoors or outdoors so they cater for people that only want outdoor
fish so more demand. They are also popular as they are small in size, colorful and are hardy fish
that contribute to their desirability.

Shape and color

If we compare goldfish to the rest of fish we keep as pets, we find more varieties and shapes.
This is because they are the first pet fish and so there has been more time for artificial breeding
and hybridization.

In the beginning the fish were kept in ponds or pools, in occasions taken out and put into vases
or ceramic bowls for guests to view. With time purposely made large ceramic painted tubs
became fashionable between the rich. One would have to look from above to be able to see the
goldfish, so improving the fish started from this view (top view), Glass bowls were extremely
expensive so avoided.

View attachment 152873
Many fancy varieties look “fat” or plump, this is an ancient introduced trait some varieties have. Fish usually don’t have an abundant amount of food in nature so they tend to be slim, like the most ancient variety of goldfish also called the common goldfish, but humans have a tendency to spoil their pets, goldfish were feed too much and developed these fatty parts like on the head that many found attractive and a compliment to their aesthetics so this trait was conserved. Also keep in mind that goldfish are a cold water fish and like salmon have a natural tendency to accumulate some fat since fat offers good protection against the cold.

Through extensive breeding techniques like water quality and generations of families breeding goldfish we can now find many colors in goldfish like orange, red, gold, black and even blue. The fancy goldfish one can purchase today are really as the Chinese say: fairies of water, while they slowly swim around their beautiful fins dance through the water resembling flags in the wind. They have truly become amazing fish to observe.

To obtain these superb fish high quality water is needed, as the Chinese saying goes: “Raise the water before you raise the goldfish” so water quality is priority. Those who are lucky to have access to the Yangtze river in China are still using its water as it has the right minerals and ph for high quality goldfish.

The future

Due to improvements in chemicals, tools, filters, Genetic Modifying using AI where people will be able to order the shape and colors they want, including words, and to globalization where there are potentially more people dedicated, we will find more varieties in the future including more colors, there will be deeper colors and metalic colors including bronze that will be introduced. We will also find the fish with larger fins and elongated bodies. The sea is the limit!

Thanks for reading this far!

Copyright Ezio Kroll October 2021



Citacions:

References: https://www.city.yamatokoriyama.nara.jp/overseas/english/kankou/kingyo/001461.html

http://biobubblepets.com/blog/why-are-goldfish-orange

https://wow-j.com/en/Allguides/other/tips_manners/01647_en/#:~:text=Goldfish Wonderland 2019-,History in Japan,of aristocrats and the wealthy.&text=From then on until today,familiar fish for Japanese people.

http://www.bristol-aquarists.org.uk/


https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1600002608968708949&wfr=spider&for=pc

interesting...
 

Colin_T

Fish Guru
Joined
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This is an article I wrote on goldfish please give feedback:
View attachment 152869
This article gives a brief history of the Carassius auratus fish species that today is popularly known as goldfish;
the beginning, why it’s so popular, (need a space here) the various shapes and colors and finally the future.
double space here (enter key, enter key)
Beginnings:
The legend is that thousands of years ago there was a great drought in the Shanxi Province in China, so great that people began to starve and die. King Pingwang told his people to pray together with him to the Goddess of Heaven, for help. This worked, (she returned life to the springs in the towns and cities) rather than she gave life again to the springs of the towns and cities, thus saving the people. Some of these people noticed a rocky basin that had filled up with water and Goldfish, so the Chinese believe the Goddess gave them the Goldfish, as a symbol of fertility.

Goldfish at the very beginning were simply called red-scaled fish. Over time that changed to Goldfish due to the gold reflections created by the red scales in the sun.

About two thousand years ago in the Yangtze River basin of China, Crucian Carp were collected and bred for food and bait. They are silver in color but while breeding or occasionally as nature works, some are born with a gold or red color. These different colored ones were noticed, collected and put aside to begin the history of Goldfish. There exists an ancient important document from the Three Kings Kingdoms period 265-420 AD or BC. The document illustrates that people had already discovered goldfish in that period.

View attachment 152870
Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty (618 to 907 AD or BC) had a very important role in popularizing Goldfish. Towards the end of the Western Han Dynasty, Buddhism started to expand due to its positive philosophy that teaches to do good and to purify oneself, not kill, and followers are invited to release animals into the wild. So Buddhist temples started to build freeing pools where people could release red goldfish. Due to this healthy and safe environment the fish improved in quality. This tendency of building large ponds was brought forward in the Tang Dynasty.

King Gaozong Zhao Gou of the Southern Song Dynasty 960 AD?BC y 1279; is accredited as being the first King to have Goldfish, and a key player in the domestication of Goldfish. The King had a keen interest in birds and Silver Crucian Carp. When he moved the capital to Lin’an, he ordered the "Deshou Palace" to be built, including a large pond for golden Crucian Carp to be collected and released into the pond. With time he ordered other ponds to be built in order to collect the other types he had found around China. The King took it so seriously that there were even official positions for Goldfish keeping!

View attachment 152871
Ming Dynasty 1368 y 1644 AD/BC. This period had a profound impact on breeding and presentation. Breeding had become more economical so many more people could afford them (this is confusing. perhaps have "Domestication and captive breeding had become more successful and this made obtaining fish easier and cheaper, or easier and more affordable"). Breeding and keeping them became easier by using newly found (maybe use developed instead of found) containers like pots and tanks that could be kept indoors. Smaller containers like pots force Goldfish to swim slower, and domestication caused body changes to start appearing, like larger tails. This is the period the four-leaf tail appeared together with the dragon-eyed Goldfish.

Japan
It is thought that the goldfish was introduced to Japan in 1502 AD. At that time the hobby was exclusively for the rich and powerful, but like with everything novel and new comes common right after (this doesn't make sense). It trickled down to the Samurai and Clansmen as the aggressive side of Japan calmed down, thus bringing free time for the hobby. In addition to this, a hobby called kingyo-sukui (goldfish scooping) became popular in towns in the Edo period (1603 – 1868 AD), thus spreading goldfish even more. It’s territory was also apt for rearing as Japan was full of pools of high quality water, one of the key ingredients towards quality fish with color. There are thought to be around 30 varieties of Goldfish that originated from Japan and these include: Ranchu, Oranda, Shishigashira (Japanese orchid lion head), Jikin, Tosakin, calico, Shubunkin and others.
enter key enter key for 2 line gap
Thailand
It is thought that they entered this Asian country through royalty in the Ayutthaya period around 1370-1489 AD/BC. Lionchu variety, Lion head goldfish Siam (Siamese lionhead) The Lionchu or lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy goldfish that has resulted from crossbreeding lionheads
and ranchus. The Lionchu or lionhead-ranchu (Thai: สิงห์ลูกผสม) is a fancy goldfish that has resulted from crossbreeding lionheads and ranchus. same sentence twice, delete one.
put a double enter key between the different countries
Europe and Americas

1911AD is the year Europe received the goldfish in the 17th century, specifically Portugal and in America in the 19th century. (This needs editing and clarifying, 17th century is not in 1911. . . . . 1911AD is the 20th century. . . . . 1601-1700AD is the 17th century). State which countries in Europe got them first, then fullstop. Same paragraph but a new sentence about America getting them, unless there is a lot more information about those regions, then put them in separate paragraphs.

View attachment 152872
Why goldfish are so popular
Humanity, together with nature create living art. The goldfish is a beautiful example of this kind of teamwork. Two thousand years of passion, generations, and special dedication, have contributed towards forming the most famous fish of them all into true pieces of art. We can find about 200 (is there really 200 varieties of goldfish) varieties of Goldfish in pet shops around the world. Goldfish are some of the few fish that you can keep both indoors or outdoors, so they cater for people that only want outdoor fish so more demand. (this doesn't make sense. maybe put "so they cater for people that only want outdoor fish or an unheated indoor tank"). They are also popular as they are small in size, colorful and most are hardy fish, and that contributes to their desirability.

Shape and color
If we compare Goldfish to the rest of fish we keep as pets, we find more varieties and shapes. This is because they are the first pet fish and so there has been more time for artificial breeding and hybridization.

In the beginning the fish were kept in ponds or pools, and on special occasions taken out and put into vases or ceramic bowls for guests to view. With time, purposely made large painted ceramic tubs became fashionable with the rich. One would have to look from above to be able to see the goldfish, so improving the fish started from this view (top view). Glass bowls were extremely expensive so were avoided by most people.

View attachment 152873
Many fancy varieties look fat or plump, this is an ancient introduced trait some varieties have. Fish usually don’t have an abundant amount of food in nature so they tend to be slim, like the most ancient variety of goldfish also called the common goldfish. But humans have a tendency to spoil their pets, and goldfish were fed too much and developed these fatty parts on the head that many found attractive and a compliment to their aesthetics, so this trait was conserved. Also keep in mind that goldfish are a cold water fish and like salmon have a natural tendency to accumulate some fat since fat offers good protection against the cold. (Maybe delete that sentence. Fish develop fat if there is lots of food around, not due to cold water. They take their body temperature from the surrounding environment so don't need to protect themselves from the cold, with layers of fat).

Through extensive breeding techniques, and generations of families breeding Goldfish, we can now find many colors in Goldfish including orange, red, gold, black and even blue. The fancy Goldfish one can purchase today, are really as the Chinese say: fairies of water, while they slowly swim around their beautiful fins dance through the water resembling flags in the wind. They have truly become amazing fish to observe. (is the saying "Fairies of water" or is it "fairies of water, while they slowly swim around their beautiful fins dance through the water resembling flags in the wind"? if it is just "Fairies of water", put the little exclamation marks around it instead of :

To obtain these superb fish, high quality water is needed, and as the Chinese saying goes: “Raise the water before you raise the Goldfish”. So water quality is priority. Those who are lucky to have access to the Yangtze River in China are still using its water as it has the right minerals and pH for high quality Goldfish. (is the Yangtze River still clean, because the last I heard it was polluted by rubbish and chemical runoff and had virtually no fish left in it? just curious)
(double space/ enter key between titles)
The future

Due to improvements in chemicals, tools, filters, Genetic modification or genetic manipulation, not Modifying using artificial intelligence (AI) where people will be able to order the shape and colors they want, including words, and to globalization where there are potentially more people dedicated to keeping or breeding these fish?, we will find more varieties in the future including more colors. There will be deeper colors and metallic colors including bronze that will be introduced. We will also find the fish with larger fins and elongated bodies. The sea is the limit!

Thanks for reading this far!

Copyright Ezio Kroll October 2021
Either use capital G for Goldfish or lower case g. You started off using capitals and by the end you were using lower case. It doesn't really matter which you use, just choose one or the other.

If using abbreviations like AI for the first time, use the full word and then put the abbreviation in brackets after it.
eg: artificial intelligence (AI)
After that you can just use AI and people will have read the full word and will know what AI stands for.

I have bolded areas of interest that could do with ammending :)
 
Last edited:
OP
OP
Eziofezio

Eziofezio

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Either use capital G for Goldfish or lower case g. You started off using capitals and by the end you were using lower case. It doesn't really matter which you use, just choose one or the other.

If using abbreviations like AI for the first time, use the full word and then put the abbreviation in brackets after it.
eg: artificial intelligence (AI)
After that you can just use AI and people will have read the full word and will know what AI stands for.

I have bolded areas of interest that could do with ammending :)

Thanks for helping me!!!
 

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