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Betta - Siamese Fighting Fish

Discussion in 'Labyrinth' started by bunjiweb, Jun 3, 2004.

  1. bunjiweb

    bunjiweb mmmmmmmarines

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    Location:
    Cheltenham (UK)
    Common name: Siamese Fighting Fish / Betta

    Scientific name: Betta splendens

    Family: Belontiidae

    Origin: Thailand & Various other asian countries

    Maximum size: 3 - 3.5"

    Minimum Tank size: 1.5 - 2G

    Temperature: 23 - 30C (74-86 F)

    The Betta is a beautiful fish that exists in all manor of colour varients from whites and silvers through yellows and blues to reds and blacks. It's beautiful flowing fins and graceful movement make it a wonderful fish to own. It lives to be about 2-3 years.


    Care:
    Bettas originate in the shallow waters in Thailand (formerly called 'Siam', hence their name), Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and parts of China. They proliferate rice paddies, shallow ponds, and even slow moving streams. Because of their natural habbitats being fairly enclosued areas Betta keepers can often get away with using tanks as small as a gallon but it is advisable to keep them in at least 2 gallons to keep them happy and give them plenty of space to swim.
    Being Tropical fish they love a humid climate and so having a heater in a betta tank is much more important than a filter, especially in a smaller tank were heat loss is quick.
    Having the "Labyrinth" organ means that they can also breath air from the surface of the water as well as through their gills. The organ is a maze of folded skin that filters the air for oxygen, hence the name labyrinth.


    Feeding:
    Bettas will feed fine on dried foods and betta pellets as well as treats of frozen bloodworm or brine shrimp on occasion. They generally like more meaty foods and so will turn their nose up at most flakes.
    Bettas also love live food and will happily eat live brine shrimp.

    Sexing:
    The general rule of sexing is that the Males have long flowing fins whilst the females have much shorter fins. However, watch out for Plakats and other short finned bettas as well as longer finned females :fun:.

    Breeding: The Betta is a bubblenest builder and the male will build his nest for the female to lay her eggs in. When they are ready to spawn, the pair will display intense coloration and begin circling each other under the bubblenest. The male will wrap himself around the female who has turned on her back. As she expels the eggs, they are fertilized and begin to sink. The male will scoop up the eggs and spit them into the nest. From this point on the male will tend the brood. It is advisable to remove the female, as the male may become aggressive towards her as he tends his young.

    junebetta3.jpg

     
  2. tomsteer

    tomsteer Member

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    7 week old Betta fry checking out a snail

    [​IMG]
     
  3. OohFeeshy

    OohFeeshy It's only forever; not long at all...

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    Just thought I'd add a bit about tankmates.

    Mainly, it depends on your betta's temperment. One of my guys is usually fine, but gets protective over his bubblenest. The other is just not very friendly, to say the least. Try before you think about it- prehaps releasing into a prospective tank before making it permanent. Suitable tankmates are, to be honest, few, however you should be safe with...
    Most bottomfeeders (although be wary of aggressive/ brightly coloured ones
    Slow moving, non- nippy tetras
    WCMM
    African Dwarf Frogs (make sure they are dwarf!)
    Shrimp (although one day the betta may fancy a snack...)

    As with all tankmates, have a spare tank ready in case it doesn't work out.

    STAY AWAY FROM-
    Crabs
    Guppies
    Platies (in fact, most livebearers)
    Nippy fish
    Aggressive fish
    Fry
    Anything with long fins

    The overall message is-
    BE CAREFULL!
     
  4. OohFeeshy

    OohFeeshy It's only forever; not long at all...

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    A note about sexing. This can be difficult, especially with plakats. There are several ways of telling, not all are good but a combo is a sure sign :)

    1. Fins. As said above, males usually have longer fins, females shorter fins. But this isn't always the case ;)
    2. Colour. Females tend to be duller than males, often with coloured fins but drab bodies. But, again, you get brightly coloured females and drab males ;)
    3. Oviposter. Normally only females hsve one, but it has been known for males to have them. The oviposter looks like a white spot on the stomach between the ventrals, or near them. See? Also not always visible on white or light females.
    [​IMG]
    4. Body Shape. Often females are much broader than the males, especially if they're full of eggs. Males usually are slimmer.
    5. The most reliable method. When a male (and sometimes a female) flares, you get flappy bits coming out. See the flappy bits?
    [​IMG]
    When not flaring, the flaps on males can be seen outside the gills, sometimes in a 'beard' under the chin. Females flappy bits stay inside the gills (unless they have a deformity, but not normally).

    Obviosly this is all useful for males in females clothing at lfs's, seving babies and telling apart females and plakats.
     
  5. clareriley

    clareriley Member

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  6. Genesis

    Genesis If you're a cory and you know it clap your.. hands

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    My Plakat Male Betta (plakat strain (less develped), notice the shorter, more natural fins):

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  7. sylvia

    sylvia Member

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    Just wanted to add on to OohFeeshy's post about tankmates - also avoid mixing Betta splendens with other gouramies (Ie: no dwarf, honey, pearl, three-spot etc gouramies - and also other Betta species).
     
  8. afireinside

    afireinside A Shrine To Madness

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    [​IMG]

    That's a male double tail plakat. :)
     
  9. BWBettas

    BWBettas Bettas Eh?

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    Male Blue/White BUtterfly Crowntail
     

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  10. SarahFish

    SarahFish Member

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    here's a pict with a nice bubble nest
     

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  11. 92cw12

    92cw12 Member

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    And females have an egg spot. Very important thing to tell them apart
     
  12. sunpirate2u

    sunpirate2u Member

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    Here's my old male betta VT :wub:
    [​IMG]

    My female VT
    [​IMG]

    My male VT
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    Green VT
    [​IMG]
     
  13. kmur

    kmur Member

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    Here are some clearer pictures of the oviposter. (though this girl has almost fooled me in to the unlikely belief that she might be a male plakat with an oviposter, the way she's constantly flaring up. :p)

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  14. Paradise3

    Paradise3 Member

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    My Male PK(Plakat) Flaring
    [​IMG]
    Notice how feminine he looks when he's not flaring?
    [​IMG]
    Female CT(Crowntail) In A Breeding Chimney
    [​IMG]

    Some Info, Hope it helps other people Sex them.
    1. Females always have an Egg Spot.
    2. Males have longer Ventral Fins, note on my male his Ventral fins Extend a lot when flaring and you can even see how long they are when he isn't.
    3. I have found females usually have a rounder stomach.
    4. Males are Usually more aggressive. My males flares at everything including his food, My females don't even flare at their reflections or each other.
     
  15. Fishy friend2

    Fishy friend2 I Love Betta Fish!!!! They Are My Favorite Fish

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    My male Betta splendens
    [​IMG]
     

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