Jessesun

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CE Environment Technology Co., Ltd. is one of the earliest factories engaged in ozone disinfection equipment in China. The hourly ozone output of ozone generators or ozone mixing systems ranges from 3 grams to dozens of kilograms. Its products have been widely used in first-class water companies at home and abroad. Coca-Cola, Nongfu Spring, Master Kong Group, China Changlong Underwater World, etc.

Ozone is a kind of green disinfectant, because it becomes oxygen after sterilization, which is beneficial to organisms, so it is widely used in water treatment and sterilization, espeically oceanarium. There are three ways to make ozone

1. Ultraviolet
2. Corona Discharge
3. electrolyzed water

Ultraviolet rays and electrolyzed water can only produce a small amount of ozone, so their use is restricted. The principle of corona discharge to produce ozone is expressed by the formula: E=U/D(E=F/q, E=KQ/r2), P=I2R, E is the electric field intensity generated by static electricity, when E is greater than the ionized air At the critical value of the field strength, air ionization begins, that is to say, the air becomes a conductor, with free electrons in it, and the electrons are free from the bondage of the nucleus, oxygen molecules decompose into oxygen atoms, and oxygen atoms quickly produce ozone with oxygen. .

Specific to the application of ozone to the water treatment of the aquarium, it mainly has the following four applications

1. Sterilize seawater: Ozone has a strong killing effect on bacteria, molds and viruses. It has (high sterilization rate), fast (sterilization is 3000 times that of chlorine), and broad-spectrum (ozone is almost harmful to all bacteria and viruses. , Molds, fungi and protozoa, oocysts have obvious inactivation effects), no secondary pollution characteristics. Its mechanism of action is: acting on the cell membrane causes the permeability of the membrane to increase, and the intracellular material flows out. Acting on the enzymes necessary for cell activity, causing its activity to be lost, and destroying the cytoplasmic genetic material and viruses.

2. Degradation of organic matter in water: It can effectively degrade organic matter in water and reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Due to the respiration and excretion of marine organisms and the deposition of residual bait in the aquarium water body, the continuous accumulation of organic matter in the water body has a sharp decline in dissolved oxygen, and the water quality gradually deteriorates. Whether the organic matter in the water body can be degraded is closely related to the health of the aquarium organisms. This machine effectively degrades organic matter in water and improves water quality through strong oxidation and coagulation aid.

3. Removal of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite in water: it can degrade ammonia nitrogen and oxidize nitrite in seawater. Ammonia nitrogen is composed of NH4+ and NH3. NH4+ is non-toxic and can be directly absorbed by organisms, but NH3 is toxic, causing fish poisoning and even death. Nitrite is an intermediate product in the nitrification process, which is easily toxic to fish. Adding ozone has a strong degradation and oxidation effect on ammonia nitrogen and nitrite, and the product is nitrate which is beneficial to marine organisms. Nitrochloric acid is the final product of nitrification, which is non-toxic to nursery larvae and can be directly absorbed by phytoplankton. The normal progress of nitrification in water plays an extremely important role in the improvement of water quality.

4. Oxygen increase: Oxygen increase in water body. After the ozone is decomposed, there is no residue, but it is decomposed into oxygen, which increases the oxygen content in the water and promotes the growth of fish.

There are two stages of adding ozone in the water treatment of the aquarium, namely the protein separator and the degassing tower stage; the three key points of adding ozone

1. Addition of ozone
2. Contact time of ozone
3. How to add ozone

The amount of ozone added in the water treatment of the aquarium, the empirical value of the protein separation stage is 0.5 grams of ozone per ton of water, the method of addition is a Venturi jet, the contact time T=V/Q (V is the volume of the protein separation tank, Q is the amount of water inflow); the purpose of adding ozone in the degassing tower stage is to disinfect and sterilize, the concentration of ozone is 0.4-0.5g (the concentration of ozone water is 1ppm=1.0g/m3), the detection standard of ozone sterilization is the CT value, and C is Ozone concentration, T is the retention time after the concentration reaches the standard. If any one of the two cities does not meet the standard, the sterilization effect cannot be guaranteed.

The decay rate of ozone in water hours is 61%
The mixing efficiency of ozone in water is 50%
The working efficiency of the ozone generator is 75%
Your hourly water volume is V cubic meters
The concentration of ozone is required to be B
The hourly output of the ozone machine is Y

Y=BxV/(1-61%)x75%x50%, Y>1kg, for the stability of the ozone sterilization system, we need to use the ozone mixing system including air compressor, filter, cold dryer, adsorption dryer, oxygen Machines, ozone generators, mixing water tanks, jets or gas-liquid mixing tanks, ozone water detectors and space detectors, ozone air alarms, etc.

At present, CE Environment Technology Co., Ltd thinks there are two technical difficulties in the application of ozone sterilization to water treatment. One is solubility, because the higher the solubility, the lower the cost of the ozone sterilization system, and the other is the precise control of the ozone system concentration, such as the difference between 0.05ppm and 0.01ppm is rather clear
 
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Rocky998

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Ozone is a kind of green disinfectant, because it becomes oxygen after sterilization, which is beneficial to organisms, so it is widely used in water treatment and sterilization, espeically oceanarium. There are three ways to make ozone

1. Ultraviolet
2. Corona Discharge
3. electrolyzed water

Ultraviolet rays and electrolyzed water can only produce a small amount of ozone, so their use is restricted. The principle of corona discharge to produce ozone is expressed by the formula: E=U/D(E=F/q, E=KQ/r2), P=I2R, E is the electric field intensity generated by static electricity, when E is greater than the ionized air At the critical value of the field strength, air ionization begins, that is to say, the air becomes a conductor, with free electrons in it, and the electrons are free from the bondage of the nucleus, oxygen molecules decompose into oxygen atoms, and oxygen atoms quickly produce ozone with oxygen. .

Specific to the application of ozone to the water treatment of the aquarium, it mainly has the following four applications

1. Sterilize seawater: Ozone has a strong killing effect on bacteria, molds and viruses. It has (high sterilization rate), fast (sterilization is 3000 times that of chlorine), and broad-spectrum (ozone is almost harmful to all bacteria and viruses. , Molds, fungi and protozoa, oocysts have obvious inactivation effects), no secondary pollution characteristics. Its mechanism of action is: acting on the cell membrane causes the permeability of the membrane to increase, and the intracellular material flows out. Acting on the enzymes necessary for cell activity, causing its activity to be lost, and destroying the cytoplasmic genetic material and viruses.

2. Degradation of organic matter in water: It can effectively degrade organic matter in water and reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Due to the respiration and excretion of marine organisms and the deposition of residual bait in the aquarium water body, the continuous accumulation of organic matter in the water body has a sharp decline in dissolved oxygen, and the water quality gradually deteriorates. Whether the organic matter in the water body can be degraded is closely related to the health of the aquarium organisms. This machine effectively degrades organic matter in water and improves water quality through strong oxidation and coagulation aid.

3. Removal of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite in water: it can degrade ammonia nitrogen and oxidize nitrite in seawater. Ammonia nitrogen is composed of NH4+ and NH3. NH4+ is non-toxic and can be directly absorbed by organisms, but NH3 is toxic, causing fish poisoning and even death. Nitrite is an intermediate product in the nitrification process, which is easily toxic to fish. Adding ozone has a strong degradation and oxidation effect on ammonia nitrogen and nitrite, and the product is nitrate which is beneficial to marine organisms. Nitrochloric acid is the final product of nitrification, which is non-toxic to nursery larvae and can be directly absorbed by phytoplankton. The normal progress of nitrification in water plays an extremely important role in the improvement of water quality.

4. Oxygen increase: Oxygen increase in water body. After the ozone is decomposed, there is no residue, but it is decomposed into oxygen, which increases the oxygen content in the water and promotes the growth of fish.

There are two stages of adding ozone in the water treatment of the aquarium, namely the protein separator and the degassing tower stage; the three key points of adding ozone

1. Addition of ozone
2. Contact time of ozone
3. How to add ozone

The amount of ozone added in the water treatment of the aquarium, the empirical value of the protein separation stage is 5 grams of ozone per ton of water, the method of addition is a Venturi jet, the contact time T=V/Q (V is the volume of the protein separation tank, Q is the amount of water inflow); the purpose of adding ozone in the degassing tower stage is to disinfect and sterilize, the concentration of ozone is 4ppm-5ppm (the concentration of ozone water is 1ppm=1.0g/m3), the detection standard of ozone sterilization is the CT value, and C is Ozone concentration, T is the retention time after the concentration reaches the standard. If any one of the two cities does not meet the standard, the sterilization effect cannot be guaranteed.

The decay rate of ozone in water hours is 61%
The working efficiency of the ozone generator is 75%
Your hourly water volume is V cubic meters
The concentration of ozone is required to be B
The hourly output of the ozone machine is Y

Y=BxV/(1-61%)x75%, Y>1kg, for the stability of the ozone sterilization system, we need to use the ozone mixing system including air compressor, filter, cold dryer, adsorption dryer, oxygen Machines, ozone generators, mixing tanks, jets or gas-liquid mixing tanks, ozone water detectors and space detectors, alarms, etc.

At present, CE Environment Technology Co., Ltd think there are two technical difficulties in the application of ozone sterilization to water treatment. One is solubility, because the higher the solubility, the lower the cost of the ozone sterilization system, and the other is the precise control of the ozone system concentration, such as the difference between 0.05ppm and 0.01ppm is rather clear
About 15 seconds in and my mind is disintegrated
 
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Jessesun

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Usually, there is not much use of ozone in aquariums, but for large oceanarium, water treatment must be provided, no matter whether it is ozone, UV, CLO2, or others
 

CaptainBarnicles

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😭 I really tried Jesse, I really did! But now my brain is scrambled egg and I'm dribbling in a corner...

I appreciate your intelligence and whatever the work is that you're doing I'm sure is very important and needed. Thanks for sharing and trying to school us 👍🏻
 
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Jessesun

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Ozone products involve the entire physics, chemistry, electromagnetics, hardware, and chemical engineering. Almost all knowledge. When it comes to sterilization, different applications require different knowledge, such as water treatment sterilization, fluid mechanics, molecular science, microbiology, etc. Everyone learns from each other, I only know a little bit, but I like physics
 

Bruce Leyland-Jones

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Lovely piece of self-promotion there...with no mention whatsoever of the dangers of ozone, especially if inhaled.
This would be a much better piece if such detailed info was provided on the many negatives of ozone, perhaps even with references to toxic smogs.
 
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Jessesun

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thks, there has been ozone alarming in my post, and I should add ozone alarming limit CO3 and safte concentration 0.1ppm, 8 hours contact time. and we have ozone tail gas destructor to treat with ozone to oxygen
 

Bruce Leyland-Jones

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thks, there has been ozone alarming in my post, and I should add ozone alarming limit CO3 and safte concentration 0.1ppm, 8 hours contact time. and we have ozone tail gas destructor to treat with ozone to oxygen
The point is that ozone is NOT a harmless gas and is dangerous, especially to those with lung complaints.
I'm sure your company of ozone-related manufacture will have lots of information relating to the dangers and how to manage these.

Please note that this is not a forum of business people, looking to purchase your equipment, but a bunch of amateur fishkeepers with an interest in the use of ozone in aquaria.
There are also many children here and some adults for whom your excellent English may be too complicated for their proper understanding.
 
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Jessesun

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Ok, be easier to understand. we need to know that you can find ozone any place around you, but because of the very lower concentration, you can not feel it, and that it is helpful for living being. US ozone saftey concentration is 0.1ppm (1ppm=2.14mg/m3), 8hours contact time. In other word, you can keep working for 8 hours in such environment with 0.1ppm ozone.

Now, let's go to ozone site, when we have ozone to mix with water in liquid&gas mixing tank, where all ozone not dissolved in water will be gathered to the ozone destroyer to directly changed into oxygen

You know what the ozone air alarming does? In case of ozone leakage in your ozone machine or ozone system, the ozone alarm will give an alarm according to the range you set, and that usually the range is lower than the ozone safety standard. If the equipment is fully functional, it will be automatically controlled by PLC, and the ozone alarm rings, ozone machine will shut down automatically. the time is about 1 second, which is far away from 8 hours, right? Do you still need to worry?

I'm talking about industrial grade ozone equipment and its application. If it is a household ozone machine for aquarium, the hourly output of ozone is very low. It is usually not enough to dissolve in water. Even if some run out, no need to worry, because the amount is too small to reach the safe concentration. Besides, will you have your household ozone machine continuously for more than 8 hours?
 

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Please note that this is not a forum of business people, looking to purchase your equipment, but a bunch of amateur fishkeepers with an interest in the use of ozone in aquaria.
There are also many children here and some adults for whom your excellent English may be too complicated for their proper understanding.
This thread is in the scientific section (which also has its own rules). More advanced discussion of topics is both welcome and expected in this part of the forum.
 

Fishmanic

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I use an air purifier that filters air through a Hepa filter, through Charcoal, and it also emits low levels of ozone. I like the small amount of ozone it emits as it smells like it would smell just after a thunderstorm...clean and fresh.
 
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Jessesun

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Yes, you are right, and that in quality standard of air purifier, ozone concentration detected at a distance of 50mm from air outlet can not be more than 0.05ppm after it keep working 24 hours (in air, CO3, 1ppm=2.14mg/m3). ozone is a great substance, key point is how to use and control it
 

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