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  1. AbbeysDad

    High Nitrate levels

    I think it's relative to the volume of the water change and/or the volume of repetitive water changes in addition to other negative factors (e.g. compounding negatives).
  2. AbbeysDad

    High Nitrate levels

    Yes, I discovered very high nitrates in my well water, most likely due to the (well fertilized) 95 acre farmers field across the road. I documented this in My Nitrate Fight where I describe a filter I made/repurposed to pre-filter water using API Nitra-Zorb for water changes (that I still use...
  3. AbbeysDad

    Too much filtration?

    I've seen it parroted over and over...."there's no such thing as too much filtration". But this is WRONG...at least as it applies to mechanical filtration. To a degree, filters merely help with water clarity, not purity (see The Dirty Truth About Filters) as trapped detritus decomposes and...
  4. AbbeysDad

    Tank cleaning

    I believe that the objective of the routine periodic partial water change is to replace as much polluted water with fresh water as is necessary to maintain a high water quality. That being said, the volume and frequency required may vary greatly in different tanks (not even to mention plants and...
  5. AbbeysDad

    Tank cleaning

    Just look at nature....fresh water is CONSTANTLY renewed by rains and snow melt. Consider the creeks, streams, and rivers that flow constantly towards the sea. For the aquarium, the fishkeeper makes the rain with routine periodic partial water changes....and there is rarely too much thing as too...
  6. AbbeysDad

    Storing RO/DI water?

    It's true that many SW fishkeepers tend to do few partial water changes. I have a Nephew with a SW tank with deep sand, live rock, and a refugium and he does very few partial water changes, just top offs. Then too, many SW systems use a protein skimmer and some leverage algae scrubbers. It's a...
  7. AbbeysDad

    Back to Basics when Breeding Fish

    As a long time hobbyist, I only became An Accidental Breeder 2-3 years ago when my daughter asked me to get a particular pair of fish that she thought were cute. After three broods of 18 fry each brood I was kinda hooked. I've bred, grown out, and sold over 300 fish in the last year, but every...
  8. AbbeysDad

    Tank cleaning

    Observing fresh water in nature, science, logic, plus 50+ years in the hobby had led me to the conclusion that the cleanest, freshest water is best for out finned friends that just can't flourish in polluted water. Filters make water look more clear, but organics trapped in the filter decompose...
  9. AbbeysDad

    Tank cleaning

    There IS such a thing as too much filtration, but there is NO SUCH THING as too much fresh, clean water. If we look at nature we see that fresh water is constantly renewed by rains and snow melt. Just look at all the creeks, streams, and rivers that flow constantly. I've stood at Niagara Falls...
  10. AbbeysDad

    Back to Basics when Breeding Fish

    Breeding Tropical Fish
  11. AbbeysDad

    Help with high water hardness

    My Nitrate Fight - I continue to filter nitrates from my source well water using API Nitra-Zorb that is routinely recharged with ordinary (non-iodized) salt water.
  12. AbbeysDad

    Seachem Matrix

    Manufacturers will all say that their product is better than others often due to vastly more surface area. Some will claim their product has micro pores that allow anoxic or anaerobic bacteria to oxidize nitrate into nitrogen gas. Well, maybe...or maybe not! In any case all commercial bio-medias...
  13. AbbeysDad

    Seachem Matrix

    Ah, he has 'pre-conditioned' the matrix (or thinks he has) by soaking in some undefined solution, but did not describe his process. Any bio-media is best placed in the filter where bacteria naturally colonizes from the aquarium water. He was also confused about stones changing color suggesting...
  14. AbbeysDad

    Small tanks

    I agree with @Colin_T in that small(er) tanks require more constant maintenance than larger tanks. This is simply due to the fact that larger volumes of water are more forgiving than smaller volumes - negative things like pollution happen more slowly in larger bodies of water. Lets face it...
  15. AbbeysDad

    Repashy food - opinions?

    These days there are many high quality commercial fish foods on the market. For a deep dive into several, here's a link to an article I first wrote for our club (Central New York Aquarium Society) newsletter, the Reflector, entitled Commercial Fish Foods. I tend to mix Omega One Tropical Flakes...
  16. AbbeysDad

    Seachem Matrix

    Seachem Matrix (and De*Nitrate [smaller pieces of rock]) is merely pumice stone (a type of lava rock). I've purchased it in the past and it is always dry as a bone so as Byron points out, bacteria population comes from the aquarium. If you're looking at this for bio-media, check out General...
  17. AbbeysDad

    Repashy food - opinions?

    Frankly (and not looking to create a firestorm) I think it's a bit of a gimmick. There are good ingredients, but I can't help but wonder if those ingredients in a gelatin mix is really worth the effort. I mean, why not just feed high quality foods along with frozen and/or live cultured foods...
  18. AbbeysDad

    Penguin Biowheel

    When spinning, the bio-wheel is an effective platform for beneficial bacteria. Not unlike drip systems, the exposure to increased air (oxygen) makes for a great place for the bacteria to colonize. However, in time, beneficial bacteria will colonize on any surface in the aquarium, ESPECIALLY in...
  19. AbbeysDad

    All my new fish died overnight in quarantine tank

    It could be something like Poly-Filter, a product that absorbs and adsorbs impurities from the water. (I have heard of some shippers that use a small square as an added assurance. When I bag fish for auctions, I add a bit of Seachem Safe to neutralize any ammonia).
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